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ADatum Corporation has offices in Miami and Montreal.
The network contains a single Active Directory forest named adatum.com. The offices connect to each other by using a WAN link that has 5-ms latency. A.Datum standardizes its database platform by using SQL Server 2014 Enterprise edition.
Each office contains databases named Sales, Inventory, Customers, Products, Personnel, and Dev.
Servers and databases are managed by a team of database administrators. Currently, all of the database administrators have the same level of permissions on all of the servers and all of the databases.
The Customers database contains two tables named Customers and Classifications. The following graphic shows the relevant portions of the tables:
The following table shows the current data in the Classifications table:
The Inventory database is updated frequently. The database is often used for reporting.
A full backup of the database currently takes three hours to complete.
A stored procedure named USP_1 generates millions of rows of data for multiple reports. USP_1 combines data from five different tables from the Sales and Customers databases in a table named Table1.
After Table1 is created, the reporting process reads data from Table1 sequentially several times. After the process is complete, Table1 is deleted.
A stored procedure named USP_2 is used to generate a product list. The product list contains the names of products grouped by category.
USP_2 takes several minutes to run due to locks on the tables the procedure accesses. The locks are caused by USP_1 and USP_3.
A stored procedure named USP_3 is used to update prices. USP_3 is composed of several UPDATE statements called in sequence from within a transaction.
Currently, if one of the UPDATE statements fails, the stored procedure fails. A stored procedure named USP_4 calls stored procedures in the Sales, Customers, and Inventory databases.
The nested stored procedures read tables from the Sales, Customers, and Inventory databases. USP_4 uses an EXECUTE AS clause.
All nested stored procedures handle errors by using structured exception handling. A stored procedure named USP_5 calls several stored procedures in the same database. Security checks are performed each time USP_5 calls a stored procedure.
You suspect that the security checks are slowing down the performance of USP_5. All stored procedures accessed by user applications call nested stored procedures.
The nested stored procedures are never called directly.
Design Requirements Data Recovery
You must be able to recover data from the Inventory database if a storage failure occurs. You have a Recovery Time Objective (RTO) of 5 minutes.
You must be able to recover data from the Dev database if data is lost accidentally. You have a Recovery Point Objective (RPO) of one day.
You plan to change the way customers are classified. The new classifications will have four levels based on the number of orders. Classifications may be removed or added in the future.
Management requests that historical data be maintained for the previous classifications. Security A group of junior database administrators must be able to manage security for the Sales database. The junior database administrators will not have any other administrative rights.
A.Datum wants to track which users run each stored procedure.
ADatum has limited storage. Whenever possible, all storage space should be minimized for all databases and all backups.
There is currently no error handling code in any stored procedure.
You plan to log errors in called stored procedures and nested stored procedures. Nested stored procedures are never called directly.
You need to recommend a solution for the planned changes to the customer classifications. What should you recommend? (Each correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose all that apply.)
Add a row to the Customers table each time a classification changes.
Add columns for each classification to the Customers table.
Add a table to track any changes made to the classification of each customer.
Add a column to the Classifications table to track the status of each classification.
Implement change data capture.
Correct Answer: CD Explanation: Scenario:
You plan to change the way customers are classified.
The new classifications will have four levels based on the number of orders. Classifications may be removed or added in the future.
You administer a Microsoft SQL Server 2016 instance.
You need to stop a blocking process that has an SPID of 64 without stopping other processes. What should you do?
Execute the following Transact-SQL statement: EXECUTE sp_KillSPID 64
Restart the SQL Server service.
Execute the following Transact-SQL statement: KILL 64
Execute the following Transact-SQL statement: ALTER SESSION KILL #39;64#39;
Correct Answer: C
KILL can be used to terminate a normal connection, which internally terminates the transactions that are associated with the specified session ID.
You are a database administrator for a company named Litware, Inc.
Litware is a book publishing house. Litware has a main office and a branch office.
You are designing the database infrastructure to support a new web-based application that is being developed.
The web application will be accessed at www.litwareinc.com. Both internal employees and external partners will use the application.
You have an existing desktop application that uses a SQL Server 2008 database named App1_DB.
App1_DB will remain in production.
Requirements Planned Changes
You plan to deploy a SQL Server 2014 instance that will contain two databases named Database1 and Database2.
All database files will be stored in a highly available SAN. Database1 will contain two tables named Orders and OrderDetails.
Database1 will also contain a stored procedure named usp_UpdateOrderDetails.
The stored procedure is used to update order information. The stored procedure queries the Orders table twice each time the procedure executes.
The rows returned from the first query must be returned on the second query unchanged along with any rows added to the table between the two read operations.
Database1 will contain several queries that access data in the Database2 tables. Database2 will contain a table named Inventory.
Inventory will contain over 100 GB of data.
The Inventory table will have two indexes: a clustered index on the primary key and a nonclustered index.
The column that is used as the primary key will use the identity property.
Database2 wilt contains a stored procedure named usp_UpdateInventory. usp_UpdateInventory will manipulate a table that contains a self-join that has an unlimited number of hierarchies. All data in Database2 is recreated each day ad does not change until the next data creation process. Data from Database2 will be accessed periodically by an external application named Application1. The data from Database2 will be sent to a database named Appl_Dbl as soon as changes occur to the data in Database2. Litware plans to use offsite storage for all SQL Server 2014 backups.
You have the following requirements:
Costs for new licenses must be minimized.
Private information that is accessed by Application must be stored in a secure format. Development effort must be minimized whenever possible.
The storage requirements for databases must be minimized.
System administrators must be able to run real-time reports on disk usage. The databases must be available if the SQL Server service fails.
Database administrators must receive a detailed report that contains allocation errors and data corruption.
Application developers must be denied direct access to the database tables. Applications must be denied direct access to the tables.
You must encrypt the backup files to meet regulatory compliance requirements.
The encryption strategy must minimize changes to the databases and to the applications. You need to recommend a disk monitoring solution that meets the business requirements. What should you include in the recommendation?
a SQL Server Agent alert
a dynamic management view
a maintenance plan
Correct Answer: B
Dynamic Management Views and Functions (Transact-SQL)
You deploy a database by using SQL Server 2012. The database contains a table named Table1.
You need to recommend a solution that meets the following requirements:
Stores the most recent data from Table1 by using the fastest storage solution possible. Stores the historical data from Table1 by using a slower storage solution.
What should you recommend?
a database snapshot
change data capture
Correct Answer: D
You plan to deploy SQL Server 2012. You must create two tables named Table 1 and Table 2 that will have the following specifications:
Table1 will contain a date column named Column1 that will contain a null value approximately 80 percent of the time.
Table2 will contain a column named Column2 that is the product of two other columns in Table2. Both Table1 and Table2 will contain more than 1 million rows.
You need to recommend which options must be defined for the columns. The solution must minimize the storage requirements for the tables.
Which options should you recommend?
To answer, drag the appropriate options to the correct column in the answer area.
You have a SQL Azure database named Database1. You need to design the schema for a table named table1. Table1 will have less than one million rows.
Table1 will contain the following information for each row:
The solution must minimize the amount of space used to store each row. Which data types should you recommend for each column?
To answer, drag the appropriate data type to the correct column in the answer area.
You have a SQL Server 2014 environment That includes four servers. The servers are configured as shown in the following table.
You plan to configure Policy-Based Management to enforce the following rules:
On Server1, enable SQL Server password policies and enable the default trace.
On Server3, ensure that the names of user-defined stored procedures begin with the prefix quot;usp_quot; and ensure that all databases use a casesensitive collation.
You need to recommend which server you must configure as a Central Management Server.
Which server should you recommend? (Each correct answer presents a complete solution. Choose all that apply.)
Correct Answer: AC
Need Standard or Enterprise edition of SQL Server.
You use SQL Server 2014. You need to create a single object that inserts a provided value into Table1, and then returns a count of the records in Table1.
Develop the solution by selecting and arranging the required code blocks in the correct order. You may not need all of the code blocks.
You need to validate rows before they are added to a table every time a row is added using a user-defined function. What should you use? More than one answer may achieve the goal. Select the BEST answer.
Correct Answer: D
Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.
After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.
You have a server named Server1 that has Microsoft SQL Server installed. Server1 has SQL Server Audit configured to send audit even records to a file. You need to ensure that a database user named User1 can review the audit data. Solution: You grant the VIEW SERVER STATE permission to User1.
Does this meet the goal?
Correct Answer: A
Each feature and command for SQL Server Audit has individual permission requirements.
Unless otherwise specified, viewing catalog views requires a principal to have one of the following:
The VIEW SERVER STATE permission.
The VIEW AUDIT STATE permission (gives only the principal access to the sys.server_audits catalog view).
Membership in the sysadmin fixed server role. The CONTROL SERVER permission.
The ALTER ANY AUDIT permission.
A principal must have the VIEW SERVER STATE or ALTER ANY AUDIT permission to use the Dynamic Management Views.